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Cambridge says yes to ‘gaokao’

劍橋大學承認中國高考成績

中文 英文 雙語 2019-04-10    來源:21世紀學生英文報·高二      閱讀數:115929
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導讀:前段時間,一則“劍橋大學承認中國高考成績”的新聞引發網友熱議,然而,據劍橋大學官方微博表示,此事并非新聞,劍橋已經執行數年。而近年來,也有越來越多的國外高校開始承認高考成績。

Cambridge uses gaokao scores as part of its admission criteria for Chinese students. CFP

Chinese high school students who want to enter the University of Cambridge may find that their scores on the national college entrance examination, or gaokao, will help their applications in the future.
想要就讀劍橋大學的中國高中生或許會發現,自己的高考成績會對將來的申請有所幫助。

The University of Cambridge said in March that it has been using scores on gaokao as part of its admission criteria for Chinese students for several years, according to its official weibo account.
今年三月,劍橋大學在其官方微博上表示,該校承認中國高考成績并不是新聞,已執行有數年。

However, it does not admit students simply based on their test scores. In addition to top scores on gaokao, Chinese applicants also need to meet English language requirements, participate in an interview and take a subject-specific written admission assessment.
但劍橋大學招生并不“唯成績論”。除了優異的高考成績之外,中國申請者還需要達到英語語言水平要求,通過面試以及特定科目的入學筆試等。

Internet users have broadly welcomed the move, saying this is a blessing for Chinese students who want to enter the university, though the bar is set high, according to China Daily.
據《中國日報》報道,這一舉措受到了廣大網友們的歡迎,他們認為這對于想要前往劍橋深造的中國學子而言是一大幸事,盡管該校的錄取門檻并不低。

The gaokao has been criticized by some as a one-shot exam that focuses on rote learning rather than creativity. However, recent years have seen more and more foreign universities begin to accept gaokao scores as part of the application process. For example, the University of New Hampshire became the first US state university to use the gaokao in its entrance criteria in 2018. A handful of universities in Europe, Australia, Canada and Singapore have also adopted similar policies.
此前一些批評聲認為,“一考定勝負”的高考更看重死記硬背,而不是學生的創造力。但近年來,越來越多的國外高校開始接受高考成績,將其視為申請材料的一部分。例如,2018年,新罕布什爾大學成為首家在招生標準中納入高考成績的美國公立大學。歐洲、澳大利亞、加拿大以及新加坡的多所高校也采取了類似的招生政策。

“We are aware of the many criticisms that have been made of the gaokao,” Stanley Nel, vice-president of international relations at the University of San Francisco (USF), told China Daily. USF also accepts gaokao scores as part of the application process.
“我們注意到了很多對于高考的批評聲,”美國舊金山大學國際關系部副校長倪思達在接受《中國日報》采訪時表示。舊金山大學在申請過程中也承認高考成績。

“But it has the advantage of being what educational experts call a ‘criterion-referenced’ exam: It tests whether students are able to master a given body of knowledge, as well as their ability to work hard and consistently.”
“但高考擁有教育專家稱之為‘標準參照’考試的優勢:它考查學生是否能夠掌握所學的知識體系,以及持之以恒、刻苦鉆研的能力。”

Paul Fitzgerald, USF president, believes that there’s no perfect predictor of academic performance. He noted that the SAT isn’t perfect, either. “Many studies have shown that the SAT is not a very good predictor of how well students will do at university,” he told Quartz.
舊金山大學校長保羅·菲茨杰拉德認為,對于學業成績,不存在完美的評估指標。他指出,(美國)學業能力傾向測驗(SAT)也并不完美。“許多研究表明,SAT考試并不能很好地預估學生們的大學學業表現,”他在接受Quartz網站采訪時曾如此表示。

Despite the gaokao’s growing acceptance among US universities, “there is a long way to go before the US education circle fully recognizes the gaokao, as there are still many US universities that don’t accept it as part of their application process,” Chu Zhaohui, a researcher from the National Institute of Education Sciences, told the Global Times.
盡管越來越多的美國高校承認高考成績,但“要讓美國教育界完全承認高考成績,還有很長的一段路要走,因為還有不少美國高校在申請過程中并不承認高考成績,”中國教育科學研究院研究員儲朝暉在接受《環球時報》采訪時表示。

21英語網站版權說明  (Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Luo Sitian)


以上文章內容選自《21世紀學生英文報高中版》,詳情請見《21世紀學生英文報高中版》高二747期
辭海拾貝
Assessment評估 Blessing幸事
Rote learning死記硬背 Criticisms批評
Criterion-referenced標準參照 Predictor預測指標


 


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