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Cheats pay price for dishonesty

湖南大學碩士因剽竊被撤銷學位

中文 英文 雙語 2019-04-17    來源:21世紀學生英文報·高二      閱讀數:73827
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導讀:繼翟天臨論文抄襲事件之后,近期湖南大學發布聲明稱,因畢業生劉夢潔存在學術不端行為,故撤銷其碩士學位。而這一系列事件,也讓日益嚴重的高校學術不端行為浮出水面……

Zhai Tianlin, a Chinese actor, was found guilty of academic misconduct. CFP

It’s not easy to write a thesis. But if you are tempted to copy another’s work to save you trouble, you should think twice - you may be on your way to academic misconduct.
撰寫論文并非易事。但如果你想靠抄襲了事,那就要三思而行了—— 你或許正在陷入學術不端。

Liu Mengjie, a graduate of Hunan University, had her master’s degree taken away after the university discovered that Liu had committed academic misconduct, according to an announcement by the university on April 2.
4月2日,湖南大學發布了一份聲明稱,該校發現畢業生劉夢潔存在學術不端行為,決定撤銷劉夢潔碩士學位。

Liu’s master’s dissertation thesis plagiarized a proposal for research funding from a national science organization written by a teacher at a university in Yunnan province.
劉夢潔的碩士論文私自抄襲了云南省某高校教師申請國家自然科學基金項目的申報書。

This came among a wave of plagiarism-related cases. In February, Zhai Tianlin, a Chinese actor, was found guilty of academic misconduct.
這件事發生于一系列剽竊相關事件的風波之中。今年二月,演員翟天臨被發現存在學術不端行為。

During a live video, he said he wasn’t aware of the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), a thesis pool commonly used among Chinese university students. Meanwhile, it was found that about 40 percent of an essay that he published in 2017 was copied, after it was put through the CNKI, according to Sixth Tone.
在一場直播中,翟天臨稱自己不知道中國知網,而知網卻是國內高校學生常用的論文庫。與此同時,據“第六聲”網站報道,中國知網顯示,翟天臨2017年發表的論文查重率達40%。

The case of Zhai has shed light on the lack of supervision of academic writing among university students.
翟天臨事件顯現出了對于高校學生學術寫作監管不力的問題。

“By simply focusing on Zhai, people are avoiding the real problem. Colleges and universities face great corruption problems, and that is what we should be looking into,” Chu Zhaohui, a senior researcher at the National Institute of Education Sciences, told China Daily.
“人們僅僅關注了翟天臨本人,而忽略了真正的問題。高校面臨著嚴重的腐敗問題,而那才是我們應當審視的,”中國教育科學研究院高級研究員儲朝暉在接受《中國日報》采訪時如此表示。

In fact, academic misconduct is not unique to Chinese university students.
事實上,并非只有中國高校學生存在學術不端行為。

According to a 2016 report by The Wall Street Journal, US public universities recorded about five cases of alleged cheating for every 100 foreign students, and one for every 100 domestic students.
據《華爾街日報》2016年的一份報告顯示,美國公立大學的記錄顯示,平均每100個國際學生中,就有5人涉嫌作弊,而每100個本國學生中,就有1人涉嫌作弊。

In the UK, the number of academic misconduct cases increased by 40 percent, from 2,640 to 3,721, between the academic years 2014-15 and 2016-17, reported the Guardian.
據《衛報》報道,在英國,2014/2015學年至2016/2017學年,學生作弊行為數量從2640起猛增至3721起,增幅達40%。

“A growing number of young people also feel more pressure than ever before, often turning to cheating to help them get through their degrees,” Thomas Lancaster, a senior teaching fellow at Imperial College London, told the Guardian. “It’s also easier to access websites that offer paid-to-order essays.”
“越來越多的年輕人感受到了前所未有的壓力,因此常常通過作弊來幫助他們獲得學位,”帝國理工學院高級講師托馬斯·蘭卡斯特在接受《衛報》采訪時表示。“訪問那些提供論文代寫服務的網站,也變得更容易了。”

Luckily, measures have been taken to deal with the problem. Universities like Columbia have asked incoming students to finish an academic integrity workshop, reported VOA. University officials in the UK have called for a ban on companies offering essays for sale.
所幸各方已出臺了一系列措施,來應對這一問題。據“美國之音”報道,包括哥倫比亞大學在內的高校要求新生參與一個關于學術誠信的研討會。英國高校官員們要求禁止企業出售論文。

In China, the Ministry of Education said in April it would run random checks on around 6,000 doctoral dissertations for plagiarism this year.
今年四月,中國教育部表示,2019年擬抽檢博士學位論文約6000篇。

21英語網站版權說明  (Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Luo Sitian)


以上文章內容選自《21世紀學生英文報高中版》,詳情請見《21世紀學生英文報高中版》高二748期
辭海拾貝
Thesis論文 Tempted引誘
Academic misconduct不端行為 Committed
Dissertation論文 Plagiarized剽竊
Proposal申請書 Supervision監管
Alleged聲稱的 Domestic國內的
Incoming即將來的 Academic integrity學術誠信


 


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