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Protesting long hours

“996”工作制,是蜜糖還是毒藥?

中文 英文 雙語 2019-04-26    來源:21世紀學生英文報·高三      閱讀數:167832
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導讀:近日,由互聯網相關從業者發起的項目“996.ICU”成為社會熱點話題。如何看待工作與休息、奮斗拼搏與加班文化、員工權利與企業治理,引發全社會的廣泛討論。

圖片來源:圖蟲創意

Many people dream of becoming a programmer for a major tech company, as such work can secure a high salary. However, it may also mean having routinely to accept overtime work.
許多人都夢想著成為大型科技公司的程序員,因為這是一份高薪的工作。然而,這或許也意味著接受加班成為常態。

Recently, a programmer introduced a project called “996.ICU” on github.com, the well-known code-sharing website. The project criticized the “996 work schedule” where employees work from 9 am to 9 pm, 6 days a week, with the prospect of ending up in an intensive care unit (ICU).
最近,一位程序員在知名代碼分享網站Github.com上發起了一個名為“996.ICU”的項目。該項目抵制“996工作制”—— 指從每天上午9點工作到晚上9點,每周工作6天,最終生病被送進重癥監護室(ICU)。

The work schedule is common among Chinese tech companies. On the website, many programmers working for China’s tech companies shared evidence showing that their companies asked them to work the long hours, reported CGTN. Among them were major names like e-commerce leaders Alibaba and JD.com, as well as telecoms equipment maker Huawei.
這種工作制在國內科技公司中十分常見。據中國國際電視臺報道,在該網站上,許多就職于國內科技公司的程序員們都分享了公司要求他們長時間工作的經歷。這些公司中不乏知名公司,如阿里巴巴、京東等電商巨頭,以及電信設備制造商華為。

“The overwork culture is rooted in China’s tech industry. I worked ‘996’ for nine months. During that time, I had serious insomnia due to the high pressure. So, I quit,” a former software developer surnamed Zhang, told Quartz.
“加班文化深植于中國科技行業中。我“996”工作了9個月。在那段時間里,我在高壓之下嚴重失眠,所以最終辭職,”一位張姓前軟件工程師在接受Quartz網站采訪時如此表示。

However, several bosses of tech companies have defended “996” as a kind of work culture. Jack Ma, founder of Alibaba, said it’s “a huge blessing” for young workers to work “996”.
但多家科技公司的老板都支持“996”,將其視為一種工作文化。阿里巴巴創始人馬云表示,對于年輕員工而言,能 “996”是“一種巨大的福氣”。

“If you don’t do ‘996’ when you’re young, when will you?” Ma said, according to a post on Alibaba’s WeChat account. “If you don’t invest more time and energy than others, how will you achieve the success you want?”
“如果你年輕的時候不996,你什么時候可以996?”在阿里巴巴微信公眾號的一篇推文中,馬云如此表示。“你不付出超越別人的努力和時間,你怎么能夠實現你想要的成功?”

However, People’s Daily said that those who questioned “996” should not be labeled.
然而,《人民日報》卻認為不能給反對“996”的人貼標簽。

“Valuing hard work does not equate to forcing employees to work overtime,” commented the newspaper. “One should not attach the moral labels of ‘slackers’ or ‘not willing to strive’ to employees who are against ‘996’.”
“崇尚奮斗、崇尚勞動不等于強制加班,”該報評論道。“不能給反對996的員工貼上‘混日子’‘不奮斗’的道德標簽。”

Meanwhile, Cui Zhendong, a lawyer with the Yiqian Law Firm, told China Daily that it is illegal for a company to introduce a compulsory “996” work schedule for employees, since the Labor Law clearly states that one should only work eight hours a day and no more than 44 hours a week.
與此同時,益仟律師事務所律師崔振東在接受《中國日報》采訪時表示,企業向員工強制推行“996”工作制并不合法,《中華人民共和國勞動法》明確規定,勞動者每日工作時間不超過8小時、平均每周工作時間不超過44小時。

Katt Gu, a US-trained tech industry lawyer, said that tech companies should motivate employees and give full play to their creativity and productivity.
曾在美國進修的科技行業律師顧紫翚認為,科技公司應當激發員工的積極性,充分發揮他們的創造力和生產力。

“Technology shouldn’t be a labor-intensive industry; it should be a creative industry. Creative people need to take a rest,” Gu told South China Morning Post.
“科技并非是勞動密集型產業;而應當是創意產業。創造性人才需要休息,”顧紫翚在接受《南華早報》采訪時表示。

21英語網站版權說明  (Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Ji Yuan)


以上文章內容選自《21世紀學生英文報高中版》,詳情請見《21世紀學生英文報高中版》高三683期
辭海拾貝
Code代碼 Intensive care unitICU,重癥監護室
E-commerce電商 Telecoms電信
Insomnia失眠 Blessing幸事
Equate等于 Slackers懶鬼
Strive奮斗 


 


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